Revolt in Sobibor – apogee of the European resistance to fascism
The International Multimedia Press Center of International News Agency "Russia Today" held a round table, dated for the International Day of the resistance movement. The event was dedicated to the memory of participants in the revolt in the Nazi extermination camp Sobibor, and also to all who counteracted fascists during the World War II in the territories occupied by the troops of the Third Reich.
In October 1943, prisoners of the extermination camp Sobibor located on the territory of Poland, raised the revolt led by the Red Army officer Alexander Pechersky. From 530 Sobibor prisoners more than 400 participated in the revolt. In the history of World War II, this was the only successful mass escape from the Nazi extermination camp.
- This year 75 years from the date of the revolt, unprecedented on concentration of human will and courage are executed. Sobibor people from the different states were prisoners of the extermination camp. The officer Alexander Pechersky didn't know other languages, but in a short time he managed to bring together people, whose desire for freedom turned out to be stronger than the risks that threatened the participants of the revolt. They believed each other! – Konstantin Mogilevsky has told (executive director, the chairman of the board of Fatherland History Foundation, the board member of the Russian Historical Society).
Earlier, according to various estimates, up to 250,000 people were killed in Sobibor. After the revolt, the camp has ceased to exist.
- Events in Sobibor are the victory of spirit over flesh, life over death, good over evil. The last is especially important! Soviet prisoners of war, who arrived in the autumn of 1943 in the extermination camp in the abandoned Sobibor station, differed from the other prisoners of this camp by the fact that they were loaded to fight and to win. They, who personified the struggle against fascism, managed to raise people from different countries to eliminate SS men and assault of wire fences, - said Ilya Vasiliev, head of the Alexander Pechersky’s Foundation.
The history of the officer Pechersky’s feat has formed the basis for the feature film "Sobibor" (directed by Konstantin Khabensky), the world premiere of which will be held in Warsaw on April 23. In Russia, the picture will be released on a wide screen on May 3, 2018.
- The premiere of the film is anticipated by rather big program, which is implemented by joint efforts by the Russian Military Historical Society, the Russian Historical Society and the Alexander Pechersky’s Foundation. Last year, owing to the appeal of Vladimir Medinsky and Sergei Naryshkin to the Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin, a new street named after Alexander Pechersky has appeared in New Moscow. In the hometown of the Hero – Rostov-on-Don the Russian premiere of the film Sobibor and a ceremonial opening of a memorial bust to Alexander Pechersky in the territory of school, which bears his name, will take place on April 24. Photo exhibitions in the waiting rooms of the "Kazan" railway station in Moscow and the main railway station in Rostov-on-Don will tell about life and feat of Pechersky, as well the train cars of Moscow-Rostov-on-Don’s train.
The story about the events in Sobibor will also be devoted the part of the exposition that we are now preparing with the State Museum of Modern History. In the next few days it will be opened in Katyn near Smolensk, where a museum and exhibition center has been established. Together with this museum center, a large exhibition about the history of Russian-Polish relations in the 20th and early 21st centuries has been prepared. Unfortunately, for a number of reasons, Russia practically does not participate in the creation of the Sobibor museum on the territory of modern Poland. Our country was literally pushed aside from this issue. Therefore, we decided that the story of Sobibor, the story of the feat of Pechersky should be told in the museum in Katyn. Here the story will be presented not only about the Katyn tragedy, but the whole palette of relations between Russia and Poland,- said Vladislav Kononov, executive director of the Russian Military Historical Society.
In this context, it was argued that preserving the memory of the tragic and heroic events in Sobibor is important not only for Russia, but also for a number of European and Western countries.
- We met on the International Day of the Movement for Resistance to Nazism. In that era, the question before the people who were in the zone of occupation there was: "What to do? Do we have to submit to fate or resist and in the duel "with the whole sea of troubles" to defend the right to life? ". There were different choices. Some were cooperating with the enemy. But there were people like Alexander Pechersky, the hero of resistance in Italy - Fyodor Poletayev, the hero of the resistance in France - Vasily Porik. We must preserve our grateful memory of them. A Sobibor is the apotheosis of the resistance movement. The mass uprising led to the fact that the camp was destroyed. They managed to stop the conveyor of death! - said Yuri Petrov, director of the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Reference about the activities of The Russian Military Historical Society